In order to transform water into true alkaline water, it must pass through a complex system with multiple stages. The water may initially be a neutrally sourced tap water, but once it has passed through the comprehensive filtering and ionizing stages, it will contain a fundamentally different balance of elements and an altered molecular structure that provides enhanced health benefits.
The first key principle of an alkaline water system is the fact that all alkaline ionized water is originally obtained from another source. Tap water straight from the facet is the most common source of water used. The purification and alkalinity of tap water is dependent on the region's water purification system and the original source of the water. Most tap systems provide water that has a neutral pH rating of 7 or at a slightly alkaline level of 7.3 to 7.5 on the pH scale.
Tap water is regulated by local, state and federal safety regulations and has the most harmful and obvious contaminants eliminated before it reaches any household faucet. However, through the supply line, corroded metals and other substances can find their way into the water, compromising its purity.
Because of the potential presence of metals, chemicals and bacteria-based substances that are harmful to the body's health, it's important to filter the water before it is ionized in the alkaline water system. To perform this task, an alkaline water system utilizes a primary and secondary activated carbon filtration component. The carbon granules do not add additional substances into the water itself. Instead, they act as filters, trapping most contaminants larger than one micron in size.
Unfortunately, there are plenty of existing contaminants that are smaller than one micron and may still be present in tap water. Therefore, alkaline water systems also utilize an ultra filtration membrane component to collect contaminants as small as .01 micron. The permeable membrane of the ultra filter unit picks up some of the smallest known solvents and contaminants by separating molecules based on their size. The water is broken up into smaller and smaller clusters as it passes through the ultra filter membrane, resulting in high quality water that is ready to go through the ionizing process.
Once the water has passed through the filtration system and has exited out as higher quality water, it is ready to be ionized. All alkaline water systems contain an ionizing system that allows the process of electrolysis to occur. The incoming water enters an electrolysis chamber containing electrodes made out of a mixture of platinum and titanium.
The electrodes are placed in the center of the chamber, effectively separating the chamber into two opposing sections. The electrodes contain holes or a semi-permeable membrane so the water can travel through. The alkaline water system contains positively and negatively charged electrodes. Alkaline water containing an abundant amount of hydroxyl ions will be attracted to the negative electrode side. Hydrogen ions and acidic water molecules move towards the positive electrode and remain in that portion of the chamber.
As long as the alkaline water system remains activated, the electrodes will be charged and will permanently continue the process of electrolysis. All filtered tap water entering the chamber will be separated into alkaline or acidic water. Because of the process of electrolysis, the alkaline water within the chamber contains more hydroxyl ions than hydrogen ions and thus contains plenty of extra elections, which are useful in the fight against free radicals.
Additionally, alkaline water created by the electrolysis process is often identified as reduced water. This is due to the water's reduced cluster size. Compared to standard water clusters consisting of 10 to 13 molecules, the reduced alkaline water only contains 5 to 6 molecules for every cluster.
Alkaline water systems are managed by central processing units that give you the ability to select the alkalinity level of the water and help regulate the flow of alkaline or normal water. The filtrated alkaline water generally exits through one outlet and the acidic water will be programmed to release from another outlet.
The result is a water source that contains a high concentration of hydroxyl ions and has a pH level of 7.5 to 14. Today's alkaline water systems are packaged with the latest technological advances. They provide you the ability to choose between different levels of alkaline water to drink as well as different levels of acidic water for hygienic purposes and for washing vegetables, fruits and dirty dishes.